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‏الزكاة (The Book of Obligatory Alms)
CHAPTER: THE KHWARIJ AND THEIR CHARACTERISTICS  

No. 2316

Jabir b. Abdullah reported that a person came to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) at Jirana on his way back from Hunain, and there was in the clothes of Bilal some silver. The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) took a handful out of that and bestowed it upon the people. He (the person who had met the Prophet at Ji'rana) said to him: Muhammad, do justice. He (the Prophet) said: Woe be upon thee, who would do justice if I do not do justice, and you would be very unfortunate and a loser if I do not do justice. Upon this Umar b. Khattab (Allaah be pleased with him) said: Permit me to kill this hypocrite. Upon this he (the Prophet) said: May there be protection of Allaah! People would say that I kill my companions. This man and his companions would recite the Qur'an but it would not go beyond their throat, and they swerve from it just as the arrow goes through the prey.

No. 2317

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Jabir b. 'Abdullah through another chain of transmitters.

No. 2318

Abu Said Khudri reported that 'Ali (Allaah be pleased with him) sent some gold alloyed with dust to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), and the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) distributed that among four men, al-Aqra b. Habis Hanzali and Uyaina b. Badr al-Fazari and 'Alqama b. 'Ulatha al-'Amiri, then to one person of the tribe of Kilab and to Zaid al-Khair al-Ta'l, and then to one person of the tribe of Nabhan. Upon this the people of Quraish felt angry and said: He (the Prophet) gave to the chiefs of Najd and ignored us. Upon this the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: I have done it with a view to con- cillating them. Then there came a person with thick beard, prominent cheeks, deep sunken eyes and protruding forehead and shaven head. He said: Muhammad, fear Allaah. Upon this the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: If I disobey Allaah, who would then obey Him? Have I not been (sent as the) most trustworthy among the people of the-world? -but you do not repose trust in me. That person then went back. A person among the people then sought permission (from the Prophet) for his murder. According to some, it was Khalid b. Walid who sought the permission. Upon this the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), said: From this very person's posterity there would arise people who would recite the Qur'an, but it would not go beyond their throat; they would kill the followers of Islam and would spare the idol-worshippers. They would glance through the teachings of Islam so hurriedly just as the arrow passes through the pray. If I were to ever find them I would kill them like 'Ad.

No. 2319

Abu Said al-Khudri reported: 'Ali b. Abu Talib sent to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) from Yemen some gold alloyed with clay in a leather bag dyed in the leaves of Mimosa flava. He distributed it among four men. 'Uyaina b. Hisna, Aqra' b. Habis and Zaid al-Khail, and the fourth one was either Alqama b. 'Ulatha or 'Amir b. Tufail. A person from among his (Prophet's) Companions said: We had a better claim to this (wealth) than these (persons). This (remark) reached the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) upon which he said: Will you not trust me, whereas I am a trustee of Him Who is in the heaven? The news come to me from the heaven morning and evening. Then there stood up a person with deep snnken eyes, prominent cheek bones, and elevated forehead, thick beard, shaven head, tucked up loin cloth, and he said: Messenger of Allaah, fear Allaah. He (the Prophet) said: Woe to thee. do I not deserve most to fear Allaah amongst the people of the earth? That man then returned. Khalid b. Walid then said: Messenger of Allaah, should I not strike his neck? Upon this he (the Prophet) said: Perhaps he may be observing the prayer. Khalid said: How many observers of prayer are there who profess with their tongue what is not in their heart? Upon this the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: I have not been commanded to pierce through the hearts of people, nor to split their bellies (insides). He again looked at him and he was going back. Upon this he (the Prophet) said: There would arise a people from the progeny of this (man) who would recite the Qur'an glibly, but it would not go beyond their throats; they would (hurriedly) pass through (the teachings of their) religion just as the arrow passes through the prey. I conceive that he (the Prophet) also said this: If I find them I would certainly kill them as were killed the (people of) Thamud.

No. 2320

This hadith has been narrated through another chain of transmitters and (the narrator) made a mention of elevated forehead, but he made no mention of tucked-up loin cloth and made this addition:" There stood up 'Umar b. Khattab (Allaah be pleased with him), and said: Should I not strike his neck? Upon this he said: No. Then he turned away, and Khalid the Sword of Allaah stood up against him, and said: Prophet of Allaah. shall I not strike off his neck? He said, No, and then said: A people would rise from his progeny who would recite the Book of Allaah glibly and fluently. 'Umar said: I think he (the Prophet) also said this: If I find them I would certainly kill them like Thamud."

No. 2321

This hadith has been narrated through another chain of transmitters, but no mention has been made of:" If I find them, I would kill them as the Thamud were killed."

No. 2322

Abu Salama and 'Ata' b. Yasar came to Abu Sa'id al-Khudri and asked him about Haruriya, saying: Did you hear the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) making a mention of them? He (Abu Sai'd al-Khudri) said: I don't know who the Haruriya are, but I heard the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: There would arise in this nation (and he did not say" out of them" ) a people and you would hold insignificant your prayers as compared with their prayers. And they would recite the Qur'an which would not go beyond their throats and would swerve through the religion (as blank) just as a (swift) arrow passes through the prey. The archer looks at his arrow, at its iron head and glances at its end (which he held) in the tip of his fingers to see whether it had any stain of blood.

No. 2323

Abu Sai'd al-Khudri reported: When we were in the company of the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and he was distributing the spoils of war, there came to him Dhul-Khuwasira, one of Banu Tamim. He said: Messenger of Allaah, do justice. Upon this the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Woe be upon thee I Who would do justice, if I do not do justice? You would be unsuccessful and incurring a loss, if I do not do justice. Upon this Umar b. Khattab (Allaah be pleased with him) said: Messenger of Allaah, permit me to strike off his neck. The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Leave him, for he has friends (who would outwardly look to be so religious and pious) that everyone among you would consider his prayer insignificant as compared with their prayer, and his fast as com- pared with their fasts. They would recite the Qur'an but it would not go beyond their collar-bones. They would pass through (the teachings of Islam so hurriedly) just as the arrow passes through the prey. He would look at its Iron head, but would not find anything ticking) there. He would then see at the lowest end, but would not find anything sticking there. He would then see at its grip but would not find anything sticking to it. He would then see at its feathers and he would find nothing sticking to them (as the arrow would pass so quickly that nothing would stick to it) neither excre- ment nor blood. They would be recognised by the presence of a black man among them whose upper arms would be like a woman's breast, or like a piece of meat as it quivers, and they would come forth at the time when there is dissension among the people. Abu Sai'd said: I testify to the fact that I heard it from the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), and I testify to the fact that 'Ali b. Abu Talib fought against them and I was with him. He gave orders about that man who was sought for, and when he was brought in, and when I looked at him, he was exactly as the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) had described him.

No. 2324

Abu Sa'id al-Khudri said that the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) made a mention of a sect that would be among his Ummah which would emerge out of the dissension of the people. Their distinctive mark would be shaven heads. They would be the worst creatures or the worst of the creatures. The group who would be nearer to the truth out of the two would kill them. The Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) gave an example (to give their description) or he said: A man throws an arrow at the prey (or he said at the target), and sees at its iron head, but finds no sign (of blood there), or he sees at the lowest end, but would not see or find any sign (of blood there). He would then see into the grip but would not find (anything) sticking to it. Abu Sai'd then said: People of Iraq. it is you who have killed them.

No. 2325

Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: A group would secede itself (from the Ummah) when there would be dissension among the Muslims. Out of the two groups who would be nearer the truth would kill them.

No. 2326

Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: There would be two groups in my Ummah, and there would emerge another group (seceding itself from both of them), and the party nearer to the truth among the two would kill them (the group of the Khwarij).

No. 2327

Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported from the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) that a group (Khwarij) would emerge from the different parties (the party of Hadrat 'Ali and the party of Amir Mu'awiya), the group nearer the truth between the two would kill them.




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