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‏الحج (The Book of Pilgrimage)
CHAPTER: THE SACRED TERRITORY OF MECCA AND ITS INVIOLABILITY AND THE PROHIBITION TO DO HUNTING IN IT AND ITS SUBURBS, AND FELLING DOWN OF ITS TREES AND CUTTING ITS GRASS  

No. 3139

Ibn 'Abbas (Allaah be pleased with him) reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying on the Day of Victory over Mecca: There is no Hijra (emigration) but only Jihad and good intention; and when you are called to battle, then go forth. He also said on the Day of Victory over Mecca: Allaah made this town sacred on the day He created the earth and the heavens; so it is -sacred by the sacred- ness conferred on it by Allaah until the Day of Resurrection and fighting in it was not lawful to anyone before me, and it was made lawful for me only during an hour on one day, for it is sacred by the sacredness conferred on it by Allaah until the Day of Resurrection. Its thorns are not to be cut, its game is not to be molested, and the things dropped are to be picked up only by one who makes a public announcement of it, and its fresh herbage is not to be cut. Abbas (Allaah be pleased with him) said: Messenger of Allaah, exception may be made in case of rush, for it is useful for their blacksmiths and for their houses. He (the Prophet) conceding the suggestion of 'Abbas) said: Except rush.

No. 3140

A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority of Mansur, but he did not mention:" On that very day He created the heavens and the earth," and he (the narrator) substituted the word" fighting" (qital) for" killing" (qatl), and further said:" No one is to pick up the dropped thing except one who makes a public announcement of it."

No. 3141

Abu Shuraih al-'Adawi reported that he said to Amr b. Sa'id when he was sending troops to Mecca: Let me tell you something. O Commander, which Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said on the day following, the Conquest which my ears heard and my heart has retained, and my eyes saw as he spoke it. He praised Allaah and extolled Him and then said: Allaah, not men, has made Mecca sacred; so it is not permissible for any person believing in Allaah and the Last Day to shed blood in it, or lop a tree in it. If anyone seeks a concession on the basis of fighting of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), tell him that Allaah permitted His Messenger, but not you, and He gave him permission only for an hour on one day, and its sacredness was restored on the very day like that of yesterday. Let him who is present convey the information to him who is absent. It was said to Abu Shuraih: What did Amr say to you? He said: I am better informed of that than you, Abu Shuraih, but the sacred territory does not grant protection to one who is disobedient, or one who runs away after shedding blood, or one who runs away after committing

No. 3142

Abu Huraira, (Allaah be pleased with him) reported. When Allaah, the Exalted and Majestic, granted Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) victory over Mecca, he stood before people and praised and extolled Allaah and then said: Verily Allaah held back the elephants from Mecca and gave the domination of it to His Messenger and believers, and it (this territory) was not violable to anyone before me and it was made violable to me for an hour of a day, and it shall not be violable to anyone after me. So neither molest the game, nor weed out thorns from it. And it is not lawful for anyone to pick up a thing dropped but one who makes public announcement of it. And it a relative of anyone is killed he is entitled to opt for one of two things. Either he should be paid blood-money or he can take life as (a just retribution). 'Abbas (Allaah be pleased with him) said: Allaah's Messenger, but Idhkhir (a kind of herbage), for we use it for our graves and for our houses, whereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: With the exception of Idhkhir. A person known as Abu Shah, one of the people of Yemen, stood up and said: Messenger of Allaah, (kindly) write it for me. Thereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said I Write it for Abu Shah. Walid said: I asked al-Auzai': What did his saying mean:" Write it for me, Messenger of Allaah"? He said: This very address that he had heard from Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam).

No. 3143

Abu Huraira (Allaah be pleased with him) reported: The people of the Khuza'ah tribe killed a man of the tribe of Laith in the Year of Victory as a retaliation for one whom they had killed (whom the people of the tribe of Laith had killed). It was reported to Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). He mounted his camel and delivered this address: Verily Allaah, the Exalted and Majestic, held back the Ele- phants from Mecca, and gave its domination to His Messenger and believers. Behold, it was not violable for anyone before me and it will not be violable for anyone after me. Behold, it was made violable for me for an hour of a day; and at this very hour it has again been made inviolable (for me as well as for others). So its thorns are not to be cut, its trees are not to be lopped, and (no one is allowed to) pick up a thing dropped, but the one who makes an announcement of it. And one whose fellow is killed is allowed to opt between two alternatives: either he should receive blood-money or get the life of the (murderer) in return. He (the narrator said): A person from the Yemen, who was called Abu Shah, came to him and said: Messenger of Allaah, write it down for me, whereupon he (Allaah's Messenger) said: Write it down for Abu Shah. One of the persons from among the Quraish also said: Except Idhkhir, for we use it in our houses ant our graves. Thereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Except Idhkhir.

No. 3144

Jabir (Allaah be pleased with him) reported: I heard Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) say: It is not permissible for any one of you to carry weapons in Mecca.




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