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‏النكاح (The Book of Marriage)
CHAPTER: EXCELLENCE OF EXMANCIPATING A SLAVE-GIRL AND THEN MARRYING HER  

No. 3325

Anas (Allaah be pleased with him) reported that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) set out on an expedition to Khaibar and we observed our morning prayer in early hours of the dawn. The Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) then mounted and so did Abu Talha ride, and I was seating myself behind Abu Talha. Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) moved in the narrow street of Khaibar (and we rode so close to each other in the street) that my knee touched the leg of Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). (A part of the) lower garment of Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) slipped from his leg and I could see the whiteness of the leg of Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). As he entered the habitation he called: Allaah-o-Akbar (Allaah is the Greatest). Khaibar is ruined. And when we get down in the valley of a people evil is the morning of the warned ones. He repeated it thrice. In the meanwhile the people went out for their work, and said: By Allaah, Muhammad (has come). Abd al-'Aziz or some of our com- panions said: Muhammad and the army (have come). He said: We took it (the territory of Khaibar) by force, and there were gathered the prisoners of war. There came Dihya and he said: Messenger of Allaah, bestow upon me a girl ont of the prisones. He said: Go and get any girl. He made a choice for Safiyya daughter of Huyayy (b. Akhtab). There came a person to Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and said: Prophet of Allaah, you have bestowed Safiyya bint Huyayy, the chief of Quraiza and al-Nadir, upon Dihya and she is worthy of you only. He said: Call him along with her. So he came along with her. When Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) saw her he said: Take any other woman from among the prisoners. He (the narrator) said: He (the Prophet) then granted her emancipation and married her. Thabit said to him: Abu Hamza, how much dower did he (the Prophet) give to her? He said: He granted her freedom and then married her. On the way Umm Sulaim embellished her and then sent her to him (the Prophet) at night. Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) appeared as a bridegroom in the morning. He (the Prophet) said: He who has anything (to eat) should bring that. Then the cloth was spread. A person came with cheese, another came with dates, and still another came with refined butter, and they prepared hais and that was the wedding feast of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam)

No. 3326

This hadith has been narrated through another chain of transmitters on the authority of Anas that Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) emancipated Safiyya, and her emancipation was treated as her wedding gift, and in the hadith transmitted by Mu'adh on the authority of his father (the words are):" He (the Prophet) married Safiyya and bestowed her emancipation as her wedding gift."

No. 3327

Abu Musa reported that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said about one who emancipated a slave woman, and then married her, that for him there are two rewards.

No. 3328

Anas (Allaah be pleased with him) reported: I was sitting behind Abu Talha on the Day of Khaibar and my feet touched the foot of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), and we came (to the people of Khaibar) when the sun had risen and they had driven out their cattle, and had themselves come out with their axes, large baskets and hatchets, and they said: (Here come) Muhammad and the army. Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Khaibar is ruined. Verily when we get down in the valley of a people, evil is the morning of the warned ones (al-Qur'an, xxxvii. 177). Allaah, the Majestic and the Glorious, defeated them (the inhabitants of Khaibar), and there fell to the lot of Dihya a beautiful girl, and Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) got her in exchange of seven heads, and then entrusted her to Umm Sulaim so that she might embellish her and prepare her (for marriage) with him. He (the narrator) said: He had been under the impression that he had said that so that she might spend her period of 'Iddah in her (Umm Sulaim's) house. (The woman) was Safiyya daughter of Huyayy. Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) arranged the wedding feast consisting of dates, cheese, and refined butter, and pits were dug and tiers were set in them dining cloths, and there was brought cheese and refined butter, and these were placed there. And the people ate to their fill, and they said: We do not know whether he (the Prophet) had married her (as a free woman), or as a slave woman. They said: If he (the Prophet) would make her wear the veil, then she would be a (free married) woman, and if he would not make her wear the veil, then she should be a slave woman. When he intended to ride, he made her wear the veil and she sat on the hind part of the camel; so they came to know that he had married her. As they approached Medina, Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) drove (his ride) quickly and so we did. 'Adba' (the name of Allaah's Prophet's camel) stumbled and Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) fell down and she (Radrat Safiyya: also fell down. He (the Prophet) stood up and covered her. woman looked towards her and said: May Allaah keep away the Jewess! He (the narrator) said: I said: Aba Hamza, did Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) really fall down? He said: Yes, by Allaah, he in fact fell down. Anas said: I also saw the wedding feast of Zainab, and he (the Prophet) served bread and meat to the people, and made them eat to their heart's content, and he (the Prophet) sent me to call people, and as he was free (from the ceremony) he stood up and I followed him. Two persons were left and they were busy in talking and did not get out (of the apartment). He (the Prophet) then proceeded towards (the apartments of) his wives. He greeted with as-Salamu 'alaikum to every one of them and said: Members of the household, how are you? They said: Messenger of Allaah, we are in good state 'How do you find your family? He would say: In good state. When he was free from (this work of exchanging greetings) he came back, and I also came back along with him. And as he reached the door, (he found) that the two men were still busy in talking. And when they saw him having returned, they stood up and went out; and by Allaah! I do not know whether I had informed him, or there was a revelation to him (to the affect) that they had gone. He (the Prophet) then came back and I also returned along with him, and as he put his step on the threshold of his door he hung a curtain between me and him, and (it was on this occasion) that Allaah revealed this verse: (" O you who believe), do not enter the houses of the Prophet unless permission is given to 'you" (xxxiii. 53).

No. 3329

Anas, (Allaah be pleased with him) reported: Safiyya (Allaah be pleased with her) fell to the lot of Dihya in the spoils of war, and they praised her in the presence of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and said: We have not seen the like of her among the captives of war. He sent (a messenger) to Dihya and he gave him whatever he demanded. He then sent her to my mother and asked her to embellish her. Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) then got out of Khaibar until when he was on the other side of it, he halted, and a tent was pitched for him. When it was morning Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: He who has surplus of provision with him should bring that to us. Some persons would bring the surplus of dates, and the other surplus of mush of barley until there became a heap of bals. They began to eat the hais and began to drink out of the pond which had the water of rainfall in it and which was situated by their side. Anas said that that constituted the wedding feast of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). He (further) said: We proceeded until we saw the walls of Medina, and we were delighted. We made our mounts run quickly and Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) also made his mount run quickly. And Safiyya (Allaah be pleased with her) was at his back, and Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) had seated her behind him. The camel of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) stumbled and he (the Prophet) fell down and she also fell down. And none among the people was seeing him and her, until Allaah's Messeuger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) stood up and he covered her, and we came to him and he said: We have received no injury. We entered Medina and there came out the young ladies of the household. They saw her (hadrat Safiyya) and blamed her for falling down.




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